Treasury Bonds: Tax Considerations
What Is Taxable Income?
Treasury bonds pay interest every six months. This interest is exempt from state and local income taxes.
Keeping Track of Your Taxable Income
If you hold a Treasury bond in TreasuryDirect, you can view your Form 1099-INT online and print it. The form is posted at the beginning of the year. Also, a record of all taxable transactions is available at any time. To see it, click the “Manage Direct” tab, and then under "Manage My Taxes" choose the appropriate year.
Legacy Treasury Direct*
If you hold a Treasury bond in Legacy Treasury Direct, we mail you your Form 1099-INT at the beginning of the year.
If you need duplicate 1099-INT forms for the current tax year, call 800-722-2678 and speak with a customer service representative. Representatives are available from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except holidays. (From outside the United States, call 304-480-6464.)
To request 1099-INT forms for years prior to the current tax year, write to:
Bureau of the Fiscal Service
PO Box 426
Parkersburg, WV 26106-0426
Note: If you no longer have securities in Legacy Treasury Direct, please keep your address current with us until you receive your final tax statement.
Bank, Broker, or Dealer
Consult your bank, broker, or dealer.
December 31 Interest
When interest income on a bond is scheduled to be paid on December 31 and that date isn't a business day, we report the income as being earned on the first federal banking day of the following year.
If you hold a Treasury bond with us, we can ease your tax burden by withholding up to 50 percent of your interest earnings.
- TreasuryDirect allows you to specify online the percentage you want us to withhold.
- With Legacy Treasury Direct, you call or write to your Treasury Retail Securities Site, give your account number, and state the percentage of your earnings that you want to withhold. If calling, dial 800-722-2678 and choose option 5 for a customer service representative. Representatives are available from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except holidays. If you write, send your letter to Treasury Retail Securities Site, P.O. Box 9150, Minneapolis, MN 55480-9150.
With either system, we transfer your withholdings to the Internal Revenue Service and report the withheld amount on your Form 1099-INT.
Legacy Treasury Direct customers: You may be able to deduct the annual maintenance fee we imposed prior to 2014 on Legacy Treasury Direct accounts of more than $100,000. See IRS Publication 550.
*Legacy Treasury Direct is being phased out.